Here is a beginners guide to koi pond construction. A school of koi in a pond is such a remarkable and imposing spectacle to behold and good koi pond construction will go a long way towards allowing an enthusiast to enjoy these brilliantly colored koi.
You will want your koi pond designed to maintain crystal clear water and a well-landscape design to mesmerize friends and visitors alike. The construction of the pond will have some significant factors to be considered in order to perfectly fit with your own design.
Koi Pond Construction Requires Attention To Detail
Basically, koi are hardy fish but with special requirements that need to be met to keep them healthy. Koi pond construction is not at all like building a simple water garden.
Koi ponds can be very complex so special attention should be paid to details and design before koi pond construction is begun. Therefore this beginners guide to koi pond construction can’t cover all details.
Every koi enthusiast has their idea of what koi pond should look like and the kind of equipment they want. Regardless of ideas, koi ponds must be properly planned, designed and constructed based on meeting the koi’s needs.
Any system that maintains good water quality will work and although there are many ways to accomplish this all koi enthusiasts would agree proper filtration is the most critical factor to consider when building a koi pond.
Here Are Some Easy Guidelines For Koi Pond Construction
The first element to consider is pond size and shape. Initially, most new koi enthusiasts want to have a large pond. Large ponds are beauties to behold and have less temperature and water quality fluctuations so are easier to maintain.
But of course they cost more to build. As a general rule, build only the pond that you can afford. Do not overextend yourself and try to cut corners on your pump and filtration. It would be better to build a smaller pond in such a case.
The shape of your pond will depend on your aesthetic design and preference. You can give any shape to the pond you can imagine – circular, rectangular, hexagonal, or totally irregular.
But be aware the more complex the shape the harder a pond is to keep clean and filter. You will need more bottom drains and require more pond liner for complex shapes.
The pond size will also affect the number of fish you can keep in the pond. Ideally a pond should hold at least 1000 gallons of water per fish.
Your koi may be small now but they will not stay that way and can reach 36 inches long in a few years. Overcrowding causes stress and disease and puts a strain on the filtration system.
Choose The Right Location For Your Pond
After determining the size and shape of the pond, the location of your koi pond must be chosen properly. Important considerations that should be made in choosing the spot for your pond are proper lighting and shading.
Too much light will overheat the water and not enough will make it difficult to grow any pond plants. Ideally a location with morning sun should be chosen if possible. Large trees nearby can fill your pond with debris in the fall and their roots may get in the way of your excavation.
The accessibility and availability of utilities is important during koi pond construction and afterwards to supply water for the pond and electricity for your pump.
Koi Pond Filtration
Filtration is another factor to be considered in building your pond. During the planning stage of constructing your pond, your filtration system should have been determined based on the size of the pond and the number of koi to be raised.
A miscalculated system will result in poor filtration which will then require frequent and labor-intensive cleaning of the filters.
This will also result in to more expenses for additional filter equipment. At worst it might result in a massive fish kill due to non-elimination of waste products and harmful compounds in the pond.
Beginners Guide to Koi Pond Construction Final Thoughts
Koi pond construction does take time, planning and work, but the rewards of a well-constructed koi pond are immense. This beginners guide to koi pond construction is meant to be a starting place where you can learn the basic concepts behind building your koi pond.